ATO - clocks



ATO


The history of the development of the Ato clock.

 

 

 

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Léon Hatot

born

22.04.1883

died

11.09.1953

1895 - 1898

Pupil at the Ècole d'Horlogerie de Besancon and the Ècole des Beaux Art.

1905

Specialisation in the artistic engraving of clocks and jewellery and cases and mechanisms made from precious metals. He employed twelve people in his workshop.

1911

Moved to Paris and became a member of the "Circle of Master Engravers" Expansion towards leading jewellery manufacturer in France. 
Supply of his products worldwide to famous jewellers and clockmakers.

1914

Manufacture of armament industry, for instance artillery

1919

Resumption of production of luxury clocks and jewellery.

Co-operation with Marius Lavet, a talented engineer who had already been a leading participator in the development of the Bulle clock.

The start of the manufacture of the electric clock.

1920

Start of the production of the electric clock with the name ATO.

Earlier, Lavet had worked together with Favre-Bulle on the development of the Bulle clock.

Because of his earlier artistic activities, Hatot was able to further develop the ATO clock and research the subject of electric clocks.

Edouard Dietsch became the director of his firm.

The production of the "ATO Radiola" together with Marius Lavet. The principle of the radio-controlled clock was taken over by the firm of Junghans for their production of the DCF77 in 1980.

1922

Marius Lavet became the director of des Etablissments Léon Hatot.

1923

On the 26.09.1923, the Patent number 583331 was applied for in France for the ATO principle. There were 2 basic sizes of the ATO clocks produced. The ½ and ¼ second pendulum.

1924

ATO produced 4 different models

1925

In a special research department, a vast varietyof the ATO clock were designed following plans from Leon Hatot.

1926

13 different models of the Ato clock were on offer.

 

 

Anzeige aus einer alten französichen Zeitung

 

1929

Now over 50 models of the Ato clock were on the market. Delivery to the 
French railway SNCF of the Ato ½ second pendulum clock, they were highly accepted because of their excellent performance. 

During the world wide economic slump, Hatot was forced 
to cooperate with Junghans in Schramberg.

The Production and introduction of the first automatic clock called
“Rolls”. This patent was sold to Blancpainp

1928 - 1930

Built under the licence from ATO clocks by the Hamburg American Clock
Company HAU. 

     

 

 

Junghans worked closely with HAU and other clock manu-
facturers in a so called interest group.

1930

Takeover of HAU by Junghans , leading to worldwide sales of the ATO clocks until about 1962.

 

 

1938

Takeover of the firm Paul Garnier.

1939

Closing of the jewellery branch of the firm.

During the war the existing jewellery was stored in a Swiss bank.

Not until 1989 were these pieces auctioned in a very remarkable 
auction and reached extremely high prices.

Today these pieces are sought after and are only secretly handled by a 
few jewellers.

1940

Closureof the clock production due to the German occupation.

Take over of the maintenance of SNCF clocksystems.

1949

Lavet experiments with the deployment of transistor as replace-
ment for the mechanical contact of the ATO clock.

1953

Lavet and Dietsch get the patent for the transistor controlled pendulum
clock with the name ATO.

1967

Takeover of the electrical clock branch of the firm of Lepaute.

Decline in the production of the electrical pendulum clock because of 
the development of the quarz clock.

 

 

 

Firms that produced ATO clocks : Etablissement Hatot